Why OBC reservation is a farce in Delhi? ; Mahesh Chandrasekaran
Reservation, of all things, for the so-called OBCs in Delhi is a big farce and a constitutional monstrosity/atrocity. Why it is so becomes amply clear from a perusal of the following indisputable facts.
(i) Delhi is the “second largest" metropolitan city in India and a metropolitan State in itself.
(ii) Delhi, (like USA) is the melting pot of India with people (from all walks of life) migrating from all over India and living in harmony with one another.
(iii) Delhi’s per capita income at Rs.66,728 during 2006-07is more than double the per capita national income of Rs.29,672 and reflecting the general ‘wealthiness’ of the people, the car-ownership density of Delhi is more than 10 times the national average of just eight cars per 1,000 people.
(iv) Delhi’s Below Poverty Line population is a mere 8.23% of the total population.
(v) In Delhi, ‘Urban’ housing constitutes 92.80% of total housing, while ‘Rural’ housing is a mere 7.20%. Besides, more than 95% of the houses in urban and rural areas in Delhi are either good or liveable as per Census 2001.
(vi) Delhi’s urban population was 93.01% whereas the rural population was a meagre 6.99% as per Census 2001.
(vii) To Delhi’s economy, the contribution of tertiary and secondary sector is 98.60%, whereas the primary sector (i.e agriculture/animal husbandry etc) contributes only 1.40%.
(viii) Delhi has few indigenous communities, no Scheduled Tribes and yet there is 7.50% quota for a non-existent set of people.
(ix) Delhi has no history of caste problems. Delhi has never seen overt/covert caste discrimination against any community in the past hundred years.
(x) Delhi’s Overall Literacy Rate: Without a history of caste-based reservation, Delhi with a literacy rate of 81.82% has the fifth highest rate of literacy in India, whereas Tamil Nadu with a century of reservations (accompanied by ethnic cleansing of ‘brahmins’) has an average literacy rate of 73.47% and is ranked 13th on the literacy table. As per 2001 Census, in Delhi, the average male literacy rate was 87.33% and the female literacy rate is 74.71%, whereas for Tamil Nadu the male and female literacy are 73.40% and 64.40% respectively. The national level literacy rate of women was 53.6 percent.
(xi) Scheduled Caste Literacy Rate: The literacy rate for SC males and females in Delhi is 80.77% and 59.07% respectively. Whereas, (despite hundred years of reservations and the ethnic cleansing of Brahmins), the SC literacy rate for males and females in TN is less at 73.41% and 53.01% respectively. Overall literacy rate for SC in Delhi is 70.85% whereas in Tamil Nadu with a century of 100% reservations is 63.20%.
(xii) No caste in Urban areas: Innumerable times, even ardent quota champions have stated that caste has disappeared from urban centres/towns and cities and is now confined to rural areas. Despite the fact that Delhi is the most urbanised metropolitan State and since no community is “disadvantaged", based on imaginary “caste discrimination", 27% quota has been provided for a artificially manufactured OBC category whose population is just about 1% (see table below).
(xiii) Economic Basis: The Delhi Government, way back in the 1960s, had stated that “reservations" if at all in Delhi, should be on the grounds of economic backwardness and not on the basis of imaginary caste “backwardness". (Mandal report - para 9.6 Chapter IX, page 37)
(xiv) Crimes against SC: In terms of population, Delhi with a population of 1.37crs ranks 18th as per Census 2001. Among the states with a population exceeding one crore and a sizeable scheduled caste population, Delhi has very few cases registered under the POA Act 1989 and none of them are violent crimes.
(xv) Delhi OBC population and 27% quota: Currently, 53 castes have been declared “backward" by the Delhi OBC Commission and the population of these 53 castes eligible for 27% quota is unknown. Since school education is the basic education and given that it is free in Govt Schools, it may reasonably be assumed that the school student population would reflect the population composition. A study of the school student data furnished by the Delhi Education Department (given below) in respect of Delhi Government Schools (which provide free education and presumably is availed by low income family children), reveals that the OBC population does not exceed 1.07%. Why then is a 27% quota required for a non-existent OBC population that has been artificially invented?
CONSOLIDATED DATA 2006-07
NO OF STUDENTS IN DELHI GOVT SCHOOLS BELONGING TO SC/ST/OBC/OTHERS
That, the artificially manufactured OBC population of Delhi amounts to less than 1% is reflected in the overall small number of applications received for admissions to the Delhi University colleges.
82127 (merit category) + 10,400 (BC category) + 15,000 (SC/ST approx.) = 1,07,527 (applicants)
5,800 OBC applicants belong to delhi, which comes to 5.39%.
Ø Even after lowering the cut-off levels, almost 50 per cent of Delhi University (DU) seats, reserved for Other Backward Castes (OBCs), are still vacant. [HT 20.08.08]
Ø Some courses have especially suffered in these reserved category admissions, with none of the seats being taken up as yet. At Hindu, the statistics, English, history, zoology and physical sciences courses have not had a single OBC admission. At LSR though, it's the political science, Hindi and sociology seats that have failed to find takers. [TOI 08.07.08]
Ø “We are not getting students under the OBC quota. “Students are not coming at all. [HT 03.07.08]
Ø Despite the hoopla about OBC reservation, candidates did not turn up in huge numbers to avail the quota. [HT 28.06.08]
Ø 10,400 students have applied through the OBC quota…to Delhi University… 82,127 candidates have applied through the general category… more than half the OBC applicants — that is 5,800 — have turned out to be from Delhi region…a lot of these candidates are from parts of Haryana and UP that come under the NCR. “This is why this figure looks so inflated," [HT 21.06.08]
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